There are principally two ethnic groups in the council area which are: Moghamo and Fulani (Borroros). The clan is made up of 22 autonomous villages.

The larger of the ethnic groups is the Moghamo whose descendants are known to be the offspring of Tembenka and Akumaka whose origin is alleged to be from the wave of Bantu emigrants. However, due to socio-economic reasons e.g. Marriages, Business and Civil Service other Ethnic groups are found within the council area but mainly within the urban space. They include tribes like the Bafut, Mankon, Metta, Bali, Nso, Kom, and Bamileke.

The Muslims, especially the Borroros, due to their nomadic lifestyle, are found within the grazing area of Ashong, Anong, Mbengok and Oshum.

Initially, the Moghamo people believed in ancestors as intermediaries between God and them. Hence, ancestor they worship. The coming of Christianity has changed the look of things and as a result, most people have turned to Christianity and have abandoned some of the ancient religious practices though some still worship ancestors.

The main religions are Christianity and Islam. The main Christian churches are the Presbyterians, Baptists, Catholics, Full Gospel, Apostolic, Deeper Life and Jehovah Witnesses. However, the insurgence of the Pentecostal churches in Cameroon has started penetrating the Batibo Council area.